What is Malignant Melanoma, Its Symptoms and Stages?

Malignant melanoma


In the structure expressed as ; It is a type of cancer that occurs in cells that form the melanin pigment, which is called melanocytes and gives the skin its own color. This type of cancer, which occurs when melanocytes produce too much melanin, can be understood to be in advanced stages when it starts to show symptoms because it progresses slowly. Although malignant melanoma is a rare type of cancer, usually in children:

  • People with white skin,
  • People with more than 10 moles,

People who have irregular shaped and growing moles should apply to a dermatologist and have a mole analysis. I analysis is done free of charge in public hospitals by dermatologists and dermatologists or in private hospitals.

What are the Risk Factors for Malignant Melanoma?

Malignant melanoma risk factors include:

  • Moles that appear later in the body,
  • Too much exposure to sunlight,
  • Sunbathing for a long time,
  • Genetic causes,
  • To belong to the white race,
  • Being blonde,
  • Having white skin creates risk factors.

It is important for people with these risk factors to have their moles checked every 6 months.

What are the Symptoms of Malignant Melanoma?

Malignant melanoma symptoms is directly evident. The symptoms are:

  • Growth, shape change, color change in a mole in the body,
  • Irregularity at the edges of the mole,
  • Color changes in me (one side is brown, the other side is black),
  • Ben has an asymmetrical structure,
  • Frequent itching of the mole,
  • The wound that never heals on me,
  • I have bleeding,
  • Wound formation on the mole.

Changes on Ben should never be ignored. Mole cancers that have just developed are treated with an outpatient examination. Since these types of cancer progress very slowly, it is necessary to check the moles frequently and to consult a dermatologist without wasting time in doubtful cases.

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What are the Stages of Malignant Melanoma?

Malignant melanoma stages is divided into 4. In the first two stages, the tumor has not spread yet and can be treated in a short time. However, in the 3rd stage, cancer cells spread, and in the 4th stage, spreads also occurred in the internal organs apart from the lymph nodes.