What is an episiotomy? What are the harms of episiotomy?

Episiotomy applied at birth is among the applications that facilitate childbirth. This method, which provides the prevention of tears by widening the vaginal opening with a surgical incision, relieves expectant mothers with a high probability of sutured birth and helps rapid recovery during the postpartum treatment process.

To Whom Is Episiotomy Applied?

Episiotomy application that facilitates delivery;

  • To expectant mothers who will give birth for the first time,
  • To expectant mothers who have had a long time with their previous birth


Where is the incision made in episiotomy?

Applied with local anesthesia Which muscle is cut in episiotomy

In response to the question , the answer to the perineum region is given.

  • Vagina,
  • Anus

Defines the region between.

In Which Situations Is Episiotomy Applied?

Episiotomy decision;

  • In large baby births,
  • When the baby turns upside down,
  • In premature births,
  • In case the mother has ailments that would be harmed by the straining,
  • In cases where the baby’s birth is urgent,
  • In deliveries that require the use of vacuum and forceps,
  • In births where the vaginal outlet tissue is hard

It can be given in cases where it is necessary to apply even if the expectant mother has not passed with her previous birth for a long time.

How Is Episiotomy Care Done?

Before hospital discharge procedures Episiotomy care is carried out by the personnel of the health institution and after discharge, the person must take care of himself. After discharge;

  • The application site should be kept clean and dry.
  • Medications given by the doctor should be used regularly.
  • Sanitary pads should be changed in a maximum of 6 hours.
  • Bidet should be done with warm water.
  • Prolonged standing and sitting should be avoided.
  • It should be fed with fibrous foods and plenty of water should be consumed.
  • The area where episiotomy is applied should be relaxed by sitting in warm water filled into the basin for at least 10 minutes each time, 3 times a day.
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What are the harms of episiotomy?

Episiotomy damages includes the negativities that may occur after the application. In women who gave birth after episiotomy;

  • Pain,
  • Blood collection at the suture site,
  • Opening the seams,
  • Experiencing pain during sexual intercourse

is observed.