Bleeding gums is very annoying. This very disturbing problem leads to bone resorption and tooth loss if not diagnosed early and the necessary treatment is not done. So what causes bleeding gums? How is it treated? All the curious, Dentist Dr. We learned from Umut Şimşek.
Occurs due to enlargement of blood vessels
Oral care is provided with toothbrush, dental floss, interface brush and mouthwashes. In fact, the aim here is to prevent the combination of food residues and bacteria in the mouth. If oral care is not provided, microbial dental plaque, called dental plaque, occurs. This structure is not normally related to the tooth surface. When plaque forms and turns into calculus, a reaction begins in the gums. When the infection occurs, changes are seen in the gums. These are swelling, edema, pain, discoloration and bleeding. Bleeding is caused by an increase in the number of blood vessels in the gums. In other words, the body starts a kind of war event there. Defense cells that protect the body for war come to the inflammatory region through the blood.
May cause osteoporosis
Bleeding is seen in two forms as spontaneous bleeding and bleeding due to trauma. Spontaneous bleeding is bleeding that occurs in itself and is bleeding that occurs in the presence of severe infection in the tooth without any stimulus. It is also possible to encounter advanced bone resorption in these events. Bleeding due to trauma is bleeding after brushing and eating and drinking. This is also a sign of infection.
If left untreated, it leads to tooth loss.
In some cases, there may be food entrapment due to gingival recession. Bleeding can also be seen here due to the patient’s traumatic applications such as toothpicks. In fact, this is a harbinger of gum disease because there is no recession in healthy gums. Since gingival bleeding is a harbinger of gingival disease, the patient should be examined and evaluated by the dentist as soon as possible, and a treatment plan should be prepared. Gingival bleeding that is not treated and is treated only with antibiotics can lead to bone resorption and tooth loss in the future.